Anti-Qing sentiment refers to a sentiment principally held in China against the Manchu ruling during the Qing dynasty (1644–1912). The Qing was accused of destroying traditional Han culture by forcing Han to wear their hair in a queue in the Manchu style.
The rallying slogan of anti-Qing activists was “Fǎn Qīng fù Míng” (反淸復明; literally: “Oppose Qing and restore Ming”).
Ming loyalists ineffectively resisted the Qing dynasty from various refuges in the south for a generation. Their so-called Nan (Southern) Ming dynasty principally included the prince of Fu (弘光帝), the prince of Tang (Longwu, 隆武帝), the prince of Lu (Zhu Yihai, no reign name), and the prince of Gui (Yongli, 永曆帝). The loyalist coastal raider Zheng Chenggong (Koxinga) and his heirs held out on Taiwan until 1683. Continue reading “The Duke of Mount Deer (1984) / 3) Ming restorationist movements”